What is bullying

What is Bullying

Bullying is an emotional or physical behaviour, that is repeated.  It is intended to control, hurt, intimidate another person.  Bullying does not just happen in the work place or at school, it can happen with neighbours, various relationships outside of school and employment settings, by people you don’t know online………

Bullying can lead to long term mental health problems.  The effects of bullying does not leave when you leave the workplace, leave school, turn your laptop or phone off.  The ongoing effects of bullying can cause depression, anxiety, low self esteem, feelings of anger……  Therefore leading to serious short term and long term effects on the individual.  

People that bully are acting out a behaviour  There can be many reasons for this; learnt behaviour, coping mechanism, experiencing bullying themselves, lack of awareness on how it can effect a person, for their own gain….. 

Many people associate bullying with something that happens in our youth.  Although bullying can be an issue in our youth, it can occur at any age and at anytime in our life.

Due to Covid-19 young people are have increased anger, anxiety, and low mood. These can all be factors that lead to bullying behaviour or becoming a target of bullying.

Types of Bullying


pushing, kicking, tripping, any kind of unwanted or force full contact.


name calling, jokes or offensive remarks about a persons; gender, religion, appearance, socioeconomic status, ethnicity.


name calling, jokes or offensive remarks about a persons; gender, religion, appearance, socioeconomic status, ethnicity.


excluding others from a group, spreading lies, rumours, exaggerated stories


sending pictures, videos, messages using an electronic device.


using threats to intimidate others

Mate crime:

Mate crime is a hidden form of disability hate crime, where vulnerable people, such as those with autism, are bullied or manipulated by people they consider to be friends.

Effects of Bullying

Adults and young people:

anxiety, depression, time off work/school, isolation, withdraw, anger which can be directed towards themselves or people around, long term mental health problems, problems with physical health, self harm, substance missuse

Family members:

feelings of failure, isolation with not knowing what to do, develop an obsession worrying about the situation which can lead to raised stress levels, feelings of anger, leading to further issues


large staff turn over, un-happy working environment, financial costs – covering sickness, legal cost, impact on company’s reputation, reduced productivity.

If you or someone you know are experiencing any of the above you can contact Spiral for confidential support.